Integration is topic that eludes several students. Many think that its those “you either see or don’t” topic. But its all practice and a bit of tricks. Let me touch on integrating trigonometric functions first and we shall start with

Easy!

This requires double angle formula:

Here we introduce trigo identity:

Here we have a problem!

Notice that is the derivative () of .

So .

Finally,

Here we can apply double angle a few times to break it down before integrating.

So if you notice, this is essentially like an algorithm, and as the power increases the treatment is really quite similar.

Let’s look at in the my next post!

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